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4 Hairless Dog Breeds

While most dogs boast fluffy coats, some of our four-legged friends are distinctly more...naked. Hairless dog breeds, although in the minority, offer a unique charm and have their own special care requirements. These breeds can be a good fit for people with dog allergies (though no breed is completely hypoallergenic). Here’s what to know about bringing home a hairless dog.

Caring for Hairless Dog Breeds

Due to their lack of fur, hairless dogs are more exposed to the elements and require a different care routine compared to their furry counterparts.

1. Sunburns Just like humans, hairless dogs are susceptible to sunburns, which can lead to more serious skin issues like skin cancer. Protect your hairless dog's skin with dog-friendly sunscreen or by using protective clothing.

2. Hypothermia Hairless dogs are more prone to feeling cold when temperatures drop. Keep your pup warm with doggy sweaters and coats during chilly weather, and provide blankets for extra warmth indoors.

3. Skin Conditions Regular bathing is essential for hairless dogs to keep their skin clean and healthy. Use lukewarm water and mild shampoo for weekly baths. It's also important to moisturize their skin with dog-friendly lotion or cream and check for dry spots, redness, or flaky areas. Some hairless breeds can be prone to acne, so using medicated wipes can help manage skin infections.

Hairless Dogs to Bring Home

Here are four hairless dog breeds that might be a great fit for your home.

1. Xoloitzcuintli (Mexican Hairless) Height: 10–14 inches (toy); 14­–18 inches (miniature); 18–23 inches (standard)Weight: 10–15 pounds (toy); 15–30 pounds (miniature); 30–55 pounds (standard)Lifespan: 13–18 years

The Xoloitzcuintli, pronounced “show-low-eats-QUEENT-lee,” is one of the oldest dog breeds, dating back over 3,000 years. Known as Xolos or Mexican Hairless dogs, they lived alongside ancient civilizations like the Mayans and Aztecs and are the official dog of Mexico. Xolos come in three sizes and two coat varieties: hairless and coated. They are typically wary of strangers but deeply devoted to their families. Early socialization and training are crucial for these dogs.

2. American Hairless Terrier Height: 12–16 inchesWeight: 12–28 poundsLifespan: 14­–16 years

The American Hairless Terrier, unlike the ancient Xolo, has a relatively recent history, originating in the 1970s. They are descendants of Rat Terriers and are completely hairless, though some may have eyebrows and whiskers. These terriers are intelligent, high-energy, and have a strong prey drive. Regular exercise and mental stimulation are essential for this breed to prevent destructive behaviors.

3. Chinese Crested Height: 11–13 inchesWeight: 8–12 poundsLifespan: 13–18 years

The Chinese Crested is a hairless toy breed that comes in two types: Hairless (with tufts of hair on the head, paws, and tail) and Powderpuff (with a full coat of long, silky fur). Despite their name, genetic studies suggest they may share origins with the Mexican Hairless. Chinese Cresteds are affectionate, loyal, and crave attention. Even though they are mostly hairless, their tufts of hair require regular brushing to prevent tangles.

4. Peruvian Inca Orchid Height: 10–16 inches (small); 16–20 inches (medium); 20–26 inches (large)Weight: 8.5–17.5 pounds (small); 17.5–26.5 pounds (medium); 26.5–55 pounds (large)Lifespan: 12–14 years

Peruvian Inca Orchids are rare hairless dogs that also come in a coated variety. They typically have a tuft of fur on top of their head. This ancient breed is native to Peru and comes in three sizes. They are affectionate, intelligent, and athletic, but can be wary of strangers. Socialization and positive reinforcement training are important for this breed.

Hairless dog breeds require special care to protect their skin and maintain their health. Understanding their unique needs can help you provide the best care for these charming, low-fur companions. For more tips and products to care for your pet, visit

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