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Urinary Tract Infection in Canines: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention UTI

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in dogs are relatively common and can be concerning for many pet owners. Recognizing the symptoms, understanding the treatment options, and implementing preventive measures can help ensure the health and comfort of your dog.

A dog straining to urinate
UTI: straining to urinate

Symptoms of UTI in Dogs:

  1. Frequent urination: Often in small amounts.

  2. Straining to urinate: This can sometimes be mistaken for constipation.

  3. Blood in the urine: Hematuria.

  4. Cloudy or malodorous urine.

  5. Licking the urinary opening frequently.

  6. Incontinence: Accidents in previously house-trained dogs.

  7. Visible discomfort: Whining, restlessness, or hesitation to urinate.

  8. Lethargy or reduced appetite.

Treatment for UTI in Dogs:

  1. Antibiotics: Once diagnosed, most UTIs are treated with a course of antibiotics. The choice and duration will depend on the specific bacteria causing the infection.

  2. Increase water intake: Encourage your dog to drink more water to help flush out the bacteria.

  3. Pain relief: Some dogs may benefit from pain relief or anti-inflammatory medications.

  4. Frequent bathroom breaks: Allow your dog to go outside more often to urinate and reduce the time bacteria spend in the bladder.

  5. Dietary changes: Specific urinary diets can help in cases where UTIs are recurrent.


  1. Fresh water: Always provide access to fresh and clean water. Hydration can help flush bacteria from the urinary system.

  2. Regular bathroom breaks: Ensure your dog gets regular opportunities to urinate.

  3. Proper hygiene: For female dogs, especially, keep the genital area clean to reduce the chance of bacterial contamination.

  4. Diet: Feed a balanced diet that promotes overall health. Consult your vet for any specific dietary needs or recommendations.

  5. Supplements: Some supplements, like cranberry, may help reduce the risk of UTIs, but always consult with your veterinarian before adding any supplements to your dog's diet.

  6. Routine check-ups: Regular vet checkups can catch early signs of UTIs or underlying conditions that make UTIs more likely, like bladder stones or tumors.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in dogs are common but entirely treatable conditions. Recognizing the symptoms early, seeking prompt veterinary care, and implementing preventive measures can ensure your dog's health and comfort. Regular check-ups and a proactive approach can help prevent recurrent UTIs and safeguard your pet's well-being.


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