top of page

Optimizing Breeding Success in Cane Corsos: A Comprehensive Guide to Artificial Insemination and Progesterone Testing

Optimizing Breeding Success in Cane Corsos: A Comprehensive Guide to Artificial Insemination and Progesterone Testing

Reviewed by: Dr. Alicia Martinez, DVM

Cane Corsos are a powerful and majestic breed known for their intelligence and loyalty. Ensuring successful breeding in this breed requires precise timing and techniques. This comprehensive guide focuses on the unique reproductive needs of Cane Corsos, offering in-depth insights, practical techniques, and real-world experiences related to artificial insemination and progesterone testing.

Why Focus on Cane Corsos?

Cane Corsos are a relatively large breed with specific reproductive challenges. Due to their size and strength, natural mating can sometimes be difficult, making artificial insemination (AI) an excellent option. Additionally, monitoring progesterone levels is crucial to pinpoint the optimal breeding time, ensuring a higher success rate.

Artificial Insemination in Cane Corsos

Artificial insemination is a valuable tool for Cane Corso breeders, offering several benefits:

  1. Overcoming Physical Barriers: AI allows breeding without the need for natural mating, which can be challenging due to the breed's size and strength.

  2. Genetic Diversity: AI enables the use of semen from distant or internationally located sires, enhancing the genetic pool.

  3. Health and Safety: Reduces the risk of transmissible diseases and physical injuries that can occur during natural mating.

Techniques of Artificial Insemination

  1. Vaginal Insemination:

  • Procedure: Semen is deposited into the vaginal canal using a syringe and a catheter.

  • Best For: Dogs with no reproductive tract issues; requires less technical skill.

  1. Transcervical Insemination (TCI):

  • Procedure: A rigid or flexible endoscope is used to guide a catheter through the cervix to deposit semen directly into the uterus.

  • Best For: Increased conception rates compared to vaginal AI; suitable for females with cervical abnormalities.

  1. Surgical Insemination:

  • Procedure: Performed under general anesthesia, semen is deposited directly into the uterine horns through a small abdominal incision.

  • Best For: Cases where other AI methods have failed; high conception rates but more invasive.

Progesterone Testing in Cane Corsos

Progesterone testing is crucial for determining the optimal breeding time. Accurate progesterone measurements can significantly increase the chances of successful conception by identifying the precise moment of ovulation.

Using Progesterone Machines

Modern progesterone machines, such as the Wondfo and Vet Chroma, provide precise hormone level readings. These machines are user-friendly and deliver rapid results, often within minutes, allowing breeders and veterinarians to make timely decisions.

Real-World Scenario: Successful AI in a Cane Corso

Consider Sarah, a breeder who owns a prized Cane Corso named Bruno. Sarah wants to ensure Bruno’s breeding is timed perfectly to maximize the chances of a successful litter. She uses a Vet Chroma progesterone machine to monitor Bruno’s hormone levels.

  1. Initial Testing:

  • Sarah notices signs of heat and starts testing Bruno’s progesterone levels. The initial reading is 0.8 ng/mL.

  1. Regular Monitoring:

  • Sarah tests Bruno every two days. On the third test, Bruno’s progesterone levels rise to 3.2 ng/mL.

  1. Optimal Breeding Time:

  • With progesterone levels indicating imminent ovulation, Sarah schedules the breeding procedure.

  1. Successful Outcome:

  • Bruno successfully conceives and delivers a healthy litter, thanks to precise timing facilitated by the Vet Chroma machine.

Best Practices for AI and Progesterone Testing

  1. Ensure Proper Training:

  • Familiarize yourself with the machine’s operation by reviewing the user manual and receiving training if necessary.

  1. Maintain Sterility:

  • Always use sterile equipment and handle blood samples carefully to avoid contamination.

  1. Regular Calibration:

  • Ensure the machine is regularly calibrated and maintained according to the manufacturer’s guidelines.

  1. Consult a Veterinarian:

  • Work closely with a veterinarian to interpret results and make informed breeding decisions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: How effective is artificial insemination in Cane Corsos? A1: The effectiveness of AI varies depending on the technique used, timing, and the quality of semen. Surgical AI generally has the highest success rates, followed by TCI and then vaginal AI.

Q2: Can AI be performed at home? A2: While vaginal AI can be done at home with proper training, TCI and surgical AI should be performed by a veterinarian to ensure safety and success.

Q3: What is the cost of a progesterone machine for dogs? A3: The cost varies depending on the brand and model, typically ranging from $1,500 to $5,000. Additional costs include test cartridges and maintenance.

Q4: How often should I test my dog's progesterone levels? A4: Begin testing a few days after the onset of heat and continue every two days until the optimal breeding window is identified.

Q5: Are there any risks associated with AI? A5: Risks are minimal when performed correctly. However, improper technique can lead to infections, injury, or failed conception. Surgical AI carries additional risks associated with anesthesia and surgery.

Q6: What are the benefits of using progesterone machines like Wondfo and Vet Chroma? A6: These machines offer high accuracy, quick results, and user-friendly operation, making them ideal for breeders and veterinarians to determine the optimal breeding time.


Artificial insemination and progesterone testing are invaluable tools for Cane Corso breeders aiming to optimize breeding outcomes. By providing accurate and timely hormone level measurements, these techniques help pinpoint the best time for breeding, significantly increasing the chances of successful conception. Whether you are a professional breeder or a veterinarian, incorporating AI and progesterone testing into your practice can greatly enhance your breeding program.

For more information or to purchase progesterone machines like Wondfo and Vet Chroma, visit to explore our comprehensive courses and resources.

Cane Corsos
Cane Corsos


Search By Tags
Follow Us
  • Facebook Basic Square
  • Twitter Basic Square
  • Google+ Basic Square
bottom of page