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What to Feed Pregnant Dogs

Ensuring your pregnant dog receives the proper nutrition is crucial for her health and the development of her puppies. Here’s everything you need to know about what to feed your pregnant dog to keep both mom and pups healthy.

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What Should Your Pregnant Dog Eat?

Proper nutrition for a pregnant dog begins well before conception. It's essential to provide high-quality dog food that meets all her nutritional needs. Malnutrition can lead to several complications, including low conception rates, difficulties during labor, and poor puppy development.

Key Nutritional Needs for Pregnant Dogs:

  • High-Quality Protein: Look for food with at least 28% protein.

  • Fat Content: Should be around 17%.

  • Calcium: Between 1% and 1.8% to support bone development and milk production.

  • Phosphorus: Between 0.8% and 1.6%.

Avoid giving additional supplements or additives unless recommended by your veterinarian, as they can disrupt the nutritional balance and potentially harm the puppies.

How Much Should I Feed My Pregnant Dog?

Feeding your pregnant dog the right amount is just as important as knowing what to feed pregnant dogs. Overfeeding or underfeeding can cause issues during pregnancy and delivery.

Feeding Guidelines:

  1. First Five to Six Weeks: Slightly increase her regular food intake by about 10%. Puppies are forming but not growing rapidly yet.

  2. Last Three to Four Weeks: Increase her food intake by 15% to 25%. As the puppies grow, they will require more nutrition.

  3. Last 10 Days: Many veterinarians recommend free-feeding, allowing your dog to eat small meals whenever she’s hungry.

During the last stage of pregnancy, it may be beneficial to transition to a high-quality puppy formula to meet the increased caloric needs.

Creating a Meal Plan

Work with your veterinarian to create a meal plan tailored to your dog’s specific needs. Monitoring her weight and body condition score (BCS) throughout pregnancy is essential to ensure she maintains a healthy weight.

Meal Plan Steps:

  1. Pre-Pregnancy: Calculate and slightly increase her caloric intake by 10%.

  2. Second Month: Gradually increase her food intake by about 25%.

  3. Last Stage: If necessary, free-feed with a focus on high-calorie puppy formulas.

After delivery, continue to monitor your dog’s BCS and adjust her food intake to support milk production and her recovery.

Monitoring Puppy Weight Gain

Monitoring the puppies' weight gain is crucial. Use a kitchen scale that measures in grams to track their growth accurately.

Weight Gain Guidelines:

  • First 24 Hours: Some weight loss is normal.

  • After 24 Hours: Puppies should gain approximately 10% of their weight daily.

If a puppy is not gaining weight, contact your veterinarian immediately, as early intervention can be critical.

For more detailed advice and to find high-quality dog food and supplements, visit

By following these guidelines on what to feed pregnant dogs, you can ensure your pregnant dog receives the nutrition she needs for a healthy pregnancy and a safe delivery.


Providing proper nutrition to your pregnant dog is essential for the health of both the mother and her puppies. Ensure she receives high-quality, balanced food, monitor her intake, and keep track of her weight. Always consult with your veterinarian to tailor the best plan for your dog's specific needs. For more resources and products, visit



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